Acne & Acne Scars
What is acne?
Acne, also known as acne vulgaris or “common acne,” is given its name because it is a very common skin disorder, affecting approximately 85% of young people. It usually begins at puberty but can also occur in babies and older adults. It occurs when hair follicles fill with oil and dead skin cells, which causes an inflammatory reaction. If severe enough and left untreated, acne can lead to acne scars. Acne can range from comedones or “blackheads and whiteheads” to the more severe form,nodules and cysts.
What causes acne?
There is a genetic predisposition so you should be more proactive if you have siblings or parents with a history of acne. It can also be triggered by lifestyle factors such as food choices or stress.
How do you treat acne?
We specialize in treating acne of all ages with all skin types. We offer a variety of topical medications, laser treatments, chemical peels, and light therapy to improve acne and acne scars. For our patients that prefer to avoid any medications, we adopt a more
holistic but equally effective approach by utilizing state-of-the-art lasers and light therapy, which have zero downtime. Treatment regimens are always tailored to the individual to deliver personalized results.
Are there types of acne?
Acne is a common skin condition that can cause blemishes on the face, chest, back, and shoulders. Acne is caused by the skin pores becoming blocked by hair, sebum (an oily substance), bacteria and dead skin cells. Those blockages produce blackheads, whiteheads, nodules and other types of pimples. Acne can be triggered by a variety of causes including genetics, hormones, stress, changes in weather, and use of certain products. While many people think of acne as affecting teenagers, it affects people of all ages.
Acne can be classified in different ways.
Whiteheads- these are small bumps that are white or flesh colored. Whiteheads occur when pores become clogged with excess oil, bacteria, and dead skin cells.
Blackheads-there are small bumps that appear black in color. When your pores fill with debris but stays open, you’ll see a blackhead.
Topical medications including creams and washes are able to treat these. We also are able to treat these with extractions and LASERs.
Pustules- these contain a yellowish fluid, often with a white-colored center.
Nodular acne- nodules occur when clogged, swollen pores endure further irritation and grow larger, these are deeper underneath the skin. These are deep within the skin and often scar.
Cystic acne- cysts can develop when pores are clogged by a combination of bacteria, sebum, and dead skin cells. These are deep within the skin and often scar.
These types of acne penetrate deep into the skin, and can cause permanent acne scars when they heal. The sooner you start treatment, the fewer permanent scars you’ll have. Treatment options include various lasers, chemical peels, and photodynamic therapy. Newman Dermatology offers laser options for all skin types. Ask us about the right treatment option for your skin.
How do you treat acne scars?
Acne scars can be very difficult to treat, but don't worry, we have the best options available for you! We have specialized lasers, such as Vbeam, which targets redness and also helps smoothen scars caused by acne. We also can perform various types of chemical peels which cause micro-traumas to the top layers of your skin and allow new layers of skin and collagen to form. Another option is collagen stimulating solution, which similarly causes targeted micro-traumas to the surface of the skin and promotes collagen growth. Contact our office to find the best option for your skin.
Is rosacea the same as acne?
Rosacea and acne have very similar appearances and they are often confused for one another by non-specialists. They both involve redness and breakouts on the face. Acne usually will involve redness and larger pimples and can cause scarring if left untreated. Rosacea has more diffuse redness around the cheeks and if you look closely you will see small pimples and small red blood vessels on the face called telangiectasias.
Is rosacea common?
Rosacea is a common chronic inflammatory acne-like disorder that affects approximately 10% of fair-skinned people. It usually begins from ages 30 to 50 and is more common. in Caucasian females although it is present in darker skinned individuals and is often under-diagnosed in them
What causes rosacea?
The exact cause of rosacea is unknown but people with rosacea will experience episodes of “flushing” of the skin in response to exposure to the sun or heat, hot liquids, spicy foods, alcohol, or feeling embarrassed. It can last days to months. In severe cases, it can cause distortions of the face, most commonly the nose, ears and chin. If it gets this severe, it can be very difficult to treat or reverse.
How do you treat rosacea?
Our office has targeted treatments for rosacea which include topical medications such as metro gel or clindamycin which are topical antibiotics. We also have laser treatments and light therapy which target the redness and rejuvenate the skin's appearance.